#1 Sun Damage
Winters may be colder than summers, and the sun may seem milder, but the UV rays from the sun are still dangerous to your skin. In fact, they will have very similar effects on your skin as in summers. The strength of UVA rays, in particular, remains the same. To the unversed, UVA rays are those rays from the sun with longer wavelengths that enable them to penetrate and reach every part of the earth, irrespective of the weather condition.
These rays also have the ability to penetrate deep into the skin, right from the epidermis to the dermis layer. This results in various harmful side effects. Interestingly, the chances of sun damage in winters are higher because people tend to get exposed to the sun more often in an unprotected state than in summers.
People with fair complexion are at higher risk when it comes to sun damage. This is mainly because fair-skinned people tend to have lower levels of melanin, which reduces their skin’s ability to naturally protect itself from the sun.
When it comes to sun damage, prevention is always better than cure. Make sure to use sunscreen even if you think the sun is mild outside. Try to use beauty products with natural ingredients that have built-in sun protection. This will also help you eliminate premature aging symptoms like wrinkles and fine lines. Moisturize your skin daily, as this will minimize irritation caused due to sun exposure.
As we have told you before, the air during the winter season is mostly dry. This can result in the chafing of the skin. Chafing occurs due to the repeated friction that gets generated in the epidermis layer of the skin. You will find chafing primarily in areas like the inner thighs. Due to friction, the epidermis layer gets damaged, which exposes the inner layer of the skin. When the inner layer is exposed, you will start feeling irritation and discomfort.
The cold weather also causes the blood vessels in the skin to constrict. This, in turn, reduces the circulation of blood, making the skin more prone to irritation. Also, during winters, we tend to wear multiple layers of clothing to keep us warm. When these layers rub against the skin, it can cause chafing and irritation.
Keep the area clean by taking bath in warm water at least once a day. Use mild soap to clean the area to reduce the risk of infection. Pat the area dry, and make sure no water is left on the skin. Apply moisturizer to the infected area and massage smoothly so that it gets absorbed. Apply medicated powder at the end to aid in skin healing.
#3 Itchy Patches
Itchy patches might not sound like a serious concern, but they can be extremely frustrating, especially when it continues for a long time. The dryness in the environment creates these itchy patches, which are usually characterized by redness in the skin. They are more common in skin areas that are exposed to the cold, such as the face, hands, and legs. Itchy patches can also be caused due to psoriasis, eczema, and other allergies, all of which get aggravated in during winter season.
Moisturize your skin consistently during the season to avoid the formation of itchy patches. Try making minor lifestyle changes like bathing using lukewarm water, patting the skin dry after the bath, and using a mild soap to stay away from itchy patches. If the itchiness is severe or it is not getting better even after taking the above, consult a dermatologist, as it is essential to identify the cause. The dermatologist will be able to evaluate your skin condition and suggest appropriate treatment.
Looking for the best dermatologist in Bangalore? Visit Dr. Renu’s clinic now.
Skin flare-up is a sudden worsening of skin conditions such as acne, eczema, or psoriasis, causing intense discomfort to the person. It will make the skin red, itchy, and inflamed. It can even result in the formation of new bumps, rashes, and blisters. Skin flare-ups are usually caused by exposure to irritants, stress, medications, etc. Skin flare-ups are more common in winter because all the above conditions get worsened due to the lack of moisture.
Another common reason for the formation of flare-ups during winter is indoor heating. Yes, indoor heating can make the air drier than before, resulting in instant flare-ups.
Keep your skin moisturized. Avoid skincare products that can cause skin irritation or dryness. If you plan to change a skincare product during this period, try it on a small area of your skin. If there is no reaction, you can continue using it.
#5 Shaving Cuts
Yes, you read that right. Even something as mundane and common as shaving can cause problems to your skin during winter. When your skin becomes dry and chapped, it can make it more prone to cuts and irritation when shaved. This will result in lot of bruises and uneven skin tone on your face.
Apply a moisturizing shaving foam before starting to shave, which will lubricate the skin. Do not use regular soap or just water. It is also important to use a sharp, clean razor. Avoid shaving against the grain.
#6 Chapped Lips
During winters, your lips usually become chapped, red, and cracked. This will not only give your lips an unsightly look but also make them extremely painful. It is usually the broken top layer of the skin that causes irritation and discomfort.
Use products that contain vitamins A and E. They will soothe your lips and aid in their repair. Keep applying cool water to the lips regularly and apply lip balm afterward.
It is common knowledge that acne is caused due to the overproduction of oil under your skin. This phenomenon results in clogged pores. But not many know that the dry skin formed during winter can also cause acne. Acne can form on any part of the body, but it is usually found on the face, neck, back, and shoulders.
Avoid touching your skin. Use gentle cleansers and moisturizers to treat acne on your skin. If acne persists for a longer time, pay a visit to your dermatologist, as they will identify the root cause and suggest an ideal treatment.
Further Reading: Why do I still have Acne?
Summary: Tips to prevent winter skin problems
- Shower regularly using lukewarm water but keep the shower time short.
- Always pat your skin, and do not rub.
- Apply moisturizer every day.
- Boost your immunity by exercising regularly. Supplement it with at least 7 hours of good sleep.
- Consume a healthy diet comprising fruits and vegetables.
- Say no to stress. Whenever you are stressed, take some time to relax. Practice meditation and yoga to beat the stress.
- Have a humidifier at your home to improve the moisture levels. Maintain the humidity level between 30%-50%.
- Use moisture-rich soft soaps that are gentle on your skin.
- Drink a lot of water.
Dryness of the skin is the root cause of all winter skin problems. They tend to cause itchiness, redness, flaky skin, cracks, and rashes, all of which can damage your skin, if left untreated for a long time. Follow a healthy skincare routine to avoid all such issues. If you are still facing problems, visit Dr. Renu’s clinic at HSR Layout, Bangalore. With over 10 years of experience, she is one of the best dermatologists in Bangalore and can help treat your winter skin problems in no time. To book an appointment with her, click here.